APS系统选型的7个关键因素

文章来源:APS研究
2022-04-15

AdvancedPlanningScheduling(APS)SelectionGuide选型参考

7criticalsuccess factors inselecting anAPS system APS选型的7个关键成功因素

1、Purpose目的

The purposeof this Guide is to provide you with a brief and user-friendly tool to help youevaluate APS systems and select the right one for your organization. Tomaintain objectivity, no company name or brand will be mentioned.

本指南的目的是为您提供一个简单易用的工具,帮助您评估APS系统并为您的组织选择合适的系统。 为了保持客观性,文章中不会提及公司名称或品牌。

2、What exactly is APS?什么是正确的APS?

Per Wikipedia, advanced planningand scheduling (also referred to as “APS”) refers to a manufacturingmanagement process by which raw materials and production capacity are optimallyallocated to meet demand. APS is especially well-suited to environments where simplerplanning methods cannot adequately address complex trade-offs between competingpriorities.

根据维基百科的说法,高级计划和调度(也被称为“APS”)指的是一种制造管理过程,通过该过程,原材料和生产能力被优化分配,以满足需求。APS特别适合于那些简单的规划方法不能充分处理相互竞争的优先级之间的复杂权衡的环境。 

3、Why may you need APS software?为什么需要APS?

If implemented correctly, APS softwarewill be a strategic driver of key performance indicators (KPIs) and continuous improvement.Common symptoms of a need for APS are: low return on capital, high operating expenses,less than 100% on-time delivery, excessive operational stress surroundingschedule management and order quoting, and lost sales due to capacity shortages.Return on investment is typically dramatic – less than one year.

如果正确实施,APS软件将成为关键绩效指标(kpi)和持续改进的战略驱动力。APS需求的常见症状是:资本回报率低、运营费用高、未能100%准时交付、围绕进度管理和订单报价的过度运营压力,以及由于产能短缺而导致的销售损失。 投资回报通常是惊人的——不到一年。 

4、Why may you not need it?为什么不需要APS?

In production environments where capacityconstraints and scheduling variability are limited or non- existent and the abovesymptoms are not apparent, simple programs such as spreadsheets or a planning andscheduling module that is included in your ERP system may suffice.

在生产环境中,产能限制和调度变化有限或不存在,且上述症状不明显,在ERP系统中包含的简单程序,如电子表格或计划和调度模块可能就足够了。 

5、7 Critical Success Factors inselecting the right APS System:7个关键因素

【1】Be clear about your requirements and objectives. What planningand scheduling challenges do you need to resolve, and what business impactwould you like to affect? It is likely that the right APS software will help youattain and sustain certain strategic initiatives, so consider these in the buyingprocess along with the functional capabilities of the software. Up-front,careful thought and documentation of detailed requirements and measurable objectivesare your best guarantee of a successful APS system selection and the achievementof desired results.

【1】明确你的要求和目标

您需要解决哪些计划和调度挑战,您希望影响哪些业务影响?正确的APS软件很可能会帮助您获得并维持某些战略计划,因此在购买过程中考虑这些以及软件的功能。预先、仔细地思考并记录详细的需求和可衡量的目标是您成功地选择APS系统和实现预期结果的最佳保证。

【2】Analyze the versatility, adaptability and scalability of thesoftware. The system’s capabilities should address a wide range of current and futureplanning, scheduling and business challenges, and facilitate unlim ited “what-if”scenarios. For the system to be used it will have to be accurate, and to be accurateit will have to be capable of modeling the important nuances of your  business processes. Also ask yourself: “Will thesoftware still be effective when you add more users or locations who need to collaboratein real time as your company grows?”

【2】分析软件的通用性、适应性和可扩展性

该系统的能力应该解决当前和未来的广泛规划、调度和业务挑战,并促进无限的“假设”场景。为了使用系统,它必须是准确的,而且要准确,它必须能够对您的业务流程的重要细微差别进行建模。还要问问自己:“随着公司的发展,当你增加更多需要实时协作的用户或地点时,这个软件还会有效吗?”

【3】Make absolutely sure that the APS system provides clear, enterprise-widevisibility to your company’s operation. Will it help you achieve a clear view ofyour capacity levels, workloads, schedule, inventory, jobs, etc.? Is the graphicalscheduling board (Gantt chart) easy-to- understand, flexible and interactive soit will be a powerful and efficient tool in your production environment?

【3】绝对要确保APS系统为你的公司运营提供清晰的、全企业范围的可见性。

它能帮助你对自己的能力水平、工作量、时间表、库存、工作等等有一个清晰的认识吗?图形调度板(甘特图)是否易于理解,灵活和交互式,以便它将是一个强大和高效的工具在您的生产环境。

【4】Perhaps most importantly, you need to know how well the softwarewill help you pro-actively manage variability in your production, the market,and in the supply chain. Even with perfect data and real-time updates, real-lifewill not follow the plan exactly. Since variability will happen, having a strategyand tools to monitor and manage it are fundamental to successful planning and execution;i.e., plan the work, then work the plan. How will the APS system help bufferand cushion against the inevitable schedule disruptions?

【4】也许最重要的是,您需要知道软件将在多大程度上帮助您主动地管理产品、市场和供应链中的可变性

即使有完美的数据和实时更新,现实生活也不会完全按照计划来。由于可变性是会发生的,因此有一个战略和工具来监控和管理它是成功的计划和执行的基础;也就是说,计划工作,然后按照计划工作。APS系统如何帮助缓冲不可避免的进度中断

【5】Get a clear picture of the extent the software will im proveyo ur com pany’s KP Is and what your return on investment (ROI) will be, based onobjective measures. Will the APS system facilitate continuous improvement for manyyears to come? How exactly will the system drive improvement in your strategic measures?If this can’t be answered, then why take a leap of faith?

【5】基于客观的度量,对软件将在多大程度上改善您公司的KPIs和您的投资回报率(ROI)有一个清晰的了解。APS系统是否有助在未来数年持续改善?系统究竟将如何在您的战略措施中推动改进?如果这个问题无法回答,那为什么要冒这个险呢?

【6】If your company if a multi-plant operation, it is criticalthat the software fully supports multi- plant dynamics, functionality and collaboration.The APS system should help your many plants around the globe function as one cohesiveand nimble operation.

【6】如果您的公司正在进行多工厂的操作,那么软件完全支持多工厂动态、功能和协作是至关重要的。APS系统将帮助您在全球的许多工厂作为一个有凝聚力和灵活的运作。

【7】Determine during product demonstrations the ease of use ofthe software. Will your team be able to learn the system relatively quickly? Whatis the APS software vendor’s implementation approach? What kind of education, trainingand support will be provided by the vendor? Answers to these questions will helpyou mitigate some of the main risks of buying a comprehensive software program,ensure adoption of the new system and make change management easier.

【7】在产品演示期间确定软件的易用性。 您的团队能够相对较快地了解系统吗? APS软件供应商的实现方法是什么? 供应商将提供什么样的教育、培训和支持? 对这些问题的回答将帮助您减轻购买全面软件程序的一些主要风险,确保新系统的采用,并使变更管理更容易。

6、Summary总结

To receive the greatest benefit from aneffective advanced planning and scheduling system, you should first recognize thecompetitive advantages it provides. When implemented as support for the achievementof strategic objectives, APS will create economic value for all of your stakeholders;customers, employees, shareholders and the communities your serve. To approach thisinvestment with less ambition will undoubtedly result in a missed opportunity.

为了从一个有效的高级计划和调度系统中获得最大的利益,你应该首先认识到它提供的竞争优势。 当APS作为实现战略目标的支持而实施时,它将为您所有的利益相关者创造经济价值:客户、员工、股东和你所服务的社区。 不那么雄心勃勃地进行这项投资,无疑将导致错失良机。 

 

By Cees Molenaar info@planettogether.com